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Securing Your Household Wifi

The majority of electronic devices today are wireless capable and, not surprisingly, toasters and thermostats have also joined the herd of cell phones and iPads in demanding their daily bandwidth IV drip. As wireless traffic increases, so does the frequency of your encrypted handshake protocols, which is what modern cracking software relies on. This is the method I utilize ever since I was hacked that might sound paranoid to someone who wasn’t hacked.

Consider buying an additional router to use as your dedicated wireless device, then disable the wireless radio on your primary router. An N-capable router will go for as little as $20 new or refurbished so cost is not an excuse. I would recommend a router capable of running a 3rd-party firmware such as DD-WRT or Open-Wrt because the feature sets make the next steps very easy. Check DD-WRT’s router database to see if your router is supported. As with all open-source projects, if you care to contribute money or time to the DD-WRT team for making this possible, we would greatly appreciate that!

I will outline two methodologies: one for a DD-WRT router, the other for any router. But first, do the following in either case:

1. Setup your dedicated wireless router using WPA2-personal and pick a complex password. Not a word, not several words, but some random letters, numbers, and characters, and write it down somewhere. Length is the key here. I would suggest 20 characters. Hackers can’t hack paper.

2. Use MAC filtering to ensure only your devices are allowed to connect. Every network-capable device has a unique ID called the Media Access Control address. It is a 6-part hexadecimal code in a “XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX” pattern. You can usually find a device’s MAC address in it’s ‘settings,’ ‘device info,’ or ‘about’ tab or section.

3. Disable SSID broadcasting. This removes your wireless connection’s name from the airspace and fools the novice hacker from honing in on your connection.

4. Limit your DHCP connections to as few as possible. If you own 10 devices, set the range to 10. This extra level of security is a mild nuisance for some, but it doesn’t make sense to allow 50 devices wireless access if you don’t have that many, does it?

At this point, if you aren’t using a DD-WRT supported router, you can disable your household’s wireless by turning off your wireless router. I would recommend using a power outlet wires to a switch, or putting a switch in-line with the power transformer. You could also just pull the plug out of the back. When you leave, or when you sleep at night, disabling your wireless ensures none of your devices are needlessly providing more opportunities for eavesdroppers. Keep in mind that this may wear out your router prematurely, which is why I recommend the DD-WRT way.

If you have selected a DD-WRT supported router, a large feature set awaits you. If your router has an SES/AOSS/EZ-SETUP button on it, usually marketed as the easy way to connect new devices to your router, we can reprogram that button to enable/disable the wireless radio. Icons on the box or the device will illustrate this option to you.

ImageWhenever you leave the house or go to sleep, you need only push a button and the your devices go dark. Push it again in the morning for instant wifi.

DD-WRT also provides real-time graphs of internet traffic and a list of all of the devices connected and who is using what. This opens up some real possibilities in determining noisy devices, and exactly how much bandwidth you consumed when you decided to stream the first season of BSG on Netflix for three days straight.

You could also tell DD-WRT to enable and disable the wireless radio via a timetable, detailing specific hours of days for on and off. This is a useful if your schedule is rigid and you know you only use your connection, say, weekday morning/afternoons and weekends.

If you’re clever, you could configure DD-WRT to allow you to toggle the wireless radio remotely via an SSH script as well.

NOTE: If you rely on any of your wireless devices to run updates or backups at night, I would suggest a wired alternative or simply leaving the connection on at night. The choice is yours.

NOTE for GAMERS: I would suggest positioning your rig close enough to your primary router that you can hard wire it for the best ping rates and response times. I only recommend using wireless connections for devices that don’t have an ethernet port or don’t partake in time-sensitive exchanges.

Windows 7 ReadyBoost Problems with SanDisk Fit

For those of us who aren’t too keen on the price differential of solid state drives (at the time of this writing, a 1TB 7200 RPM Western Digital hard drive costs $100, whereas Samsung’s 1TB SSD costs $770), Microsoft developed ReadyBoost, a way to create an off-disk cache for quicker access to frequently-accessed files. Windows 7 even boasts the ability to determine the quality of any thumb drive it detects, promising it won’t use the drive if it doesn’t meet the 2.5MB/s random read/1.75MB/s random write speed. Apparently, other factors will affect performance significantly.

I used to use a SanDisk Cruzer 16GB drive and saw a small improvement in runtime while gaming, but a slightly longer load time while the files were being written to the drive.

sandisk-cruzer-8gb

But this drive is long and leaving it sticking out of my desktop is a recipe for a broken USB port, so I figured I’d pick up one of these fancy low-profile drives.

Don’t do this.

269902-sandisk-cruzer-fitWhile this drive is great for extremely portable and low-profile storage, it gave me serious fits under ReadyBoost, causing significant delays in load times while gaming, including freezing and render degradation. I can tolerate a lot of lag, so when I complain about it, we’re talking more than 30 seconds, not skips. Additionally, I couldn’t boot into Windows or Linux with the Fit in a USB port during boot. I have two separate Fit drives of different sizes, one for ReadyBoost and one for backup storage, and the boot issues occurred regardless of the which drive was attached.This doesn’t happen with any of my other flash drives, regardless of the partition scheme, manufacturer or data on them.

I used the software SanDisk provided to remove the bloatware that was U3 from the Cruzer, but to my knowledge, there is no software to remove the software that comes with the Fit. Although that likely has nothing to do with the boot issues, I can’t rule it out either.

If you’re thinking of using a flash drive to improve your system’s performance, check this for read/write speeds and do some research.

The recycled mousepad.

A few months ago I decided that if I was going to get the most out of the Logitech G500 that I bought for far too many dollars, I was probably going to need to relinquish many more dollars. I ventured out to an arts and crafts shop and picked up some cork roll to cover my, at the time, useless glass table in an effort to free my cursor from it’s 8 by 10 inch prison. The cork proved to be a poor investment, tearing easily and providing uneven traction for the mouse, causing it to snag occasionally on the cork’s natural impurities.

But this article is not about the cork-covered table.

I recently picked up a 30 year old Apple OneScanner flatbed scanner from a relative wishing to dispose of it. While their intention was for me to use it, as their intentions always are, in practical terms the camera in my phone is capable of greater resolution and clarity in a dark room than this scanner is in optimal conditions. Still, I recognized some potential at least for the pane of glass, which makes a great writing surface for wax pencils or dry-erase markers. After pulling off the lid and setting it aside, I placed my hand on it’s surface for a moment and realized that the thick piece of laminated plastic was suspended by a generous depth of foam, creating a comfortable deflection around my palm without causing the nearby surface to crease or warp. It was also a smooth and consistent white plane that I was certain would support a laser without much beam wandering.

I placed it on my desk upside down, attached two gel inserts that I salvaged from the trash at our local bike shop to the side closest to my inner forearm and put it immediately to work. It works fantastically, with the addition that it also has a very large surface area, approximately 10 by 14 inches.

Apple OneScanner cover as a mousepad

A Hexeditor for Mac OS X

0xED

Not much really needs to be said about this app. It’s free and it allows you to view and edit files by their binary, hexidecimal, String and offsets. It’s really useful for editing things like Fallout .gcd files. It’s also lightweight.

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